The most unusual thing about these new ones? It was captured – from among many – at depths between 22,000 and 26,000 feet (6,898 and 7,966 m). Despite being a top predator of its time, this animal is believed to have been an omnivore — enjoying a meat and plant-based diet. They do so by grabbing a hold of their host – as you can see, the beetle's body is the precise size, shape and color of the abdomen of a worker ant, promising a safe journey free of other predators. Technically this lion was identified in late December of 2017, but it's too cool to pass up. The amphipod of Notre Dame? Researchers estimate that there are only about 500 of these crocodiles left in the area, making this new species critically endangered. A new species of parasitic wasp comes equipped with a long line of jagged spikes on its back. This fossil found in Australia's Riversleigh World Heritage Area in Queensland tells of a 23-million-year-old marsupial lion – yes, that's right – that roamed the open forest looking for prey. University of Southern California graduate student James Askew, Facebook/American Museum of Natural History, Cédric d'Udekem d'Acoz/Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, named them after Victor Hugo's iconic character, The SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Christoph von Beeren and Alexey K. Tishechkin/Wikimedia Commons, Sunbin Huang and Mingyi Tian/SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, scientists from Florida International University found differences in complexion, The tragic stories behind 15 animals that went extinct. Like others of its kind, it's threatened by commercial fisheries — which often accidentally catch sharks. It's hard to believe that scientists are still finding entirely new species in 2018, but a prehistoric marsupial lion, a shark with cartoon eyes, and a wasp with built-in armor are just a few of the creatures that have been discovered right under our noses this year. Since their spindly bodies are the exact shape, size, and color of the colony of nomadic ants they live with, the beetles will latch onto the ants, letting them do all the work each time the ants move to a new location. The chaos of the volcano wiped out most of the marine ecosystem that was there before. Found in Brazil, this beauty of a tree reaches heights of up to 130 feet (40 m), towering above the canopy of the semi-deciduous, riparian, pristine Atlantic forest where it lives. Genie's dogfish, a cartoon-eyed shark, was discovered by Florida scientists in July. It has a mouth full of sharp teeth, and will eat essentially anything in its path. Some monuments put up to ensure that an animal or group of animals … Despite its terrifying looks and thanks to being a hermaphrodite, this species isn't going anywhere anytime soon. Tim Laman / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 4.0. The woody fruits shown above are about 18 inches (0.5 m) in length. Amazingly, D. jueirana-facao is known only from within and just beyond the boundaries of the Reserva Natural Vale in northern Espirito Santo, Brazil – and there are only 25 of them known. Another nifty example of adaptation and evolution, this creepy cave beetle has lost its pigmentation, wings, and eyes. Marine scientist Mariah Pfleger said in a statement, "The first step to successfully conserving these species that live in deeper waters, like Genie's dogfish, is finding out what is down there in the first place.". But with less than 800 great apes left in this region, Tanapulis are the rarest great ape in the world — and critically endangered. This 4-inch long, tadpole-like fish lives in the dark depths of the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific – and it is the deepest-dwelling fish ever discovered so far. Japanese researcher Kazuharu Arakawa was scraping moss off his apartment building's parking lot — a frequent activity of his — when, after sampling it, he discovered a new type of tardigrade. Found in Costa Rica living amongst the ants, these tiny creatures live exclusively with a species of nomadic army ants. The institute's international committee of taxonomists chooses the Top 10 from the new species named the previous year. By now, there are more than 1,300,000 identified non-insect animal species. "As soon as the significance of this isolated population was determined," writes ESF, "it revealed the most imperiled great ape in the world. When you think about animal life though, you probably think about dogs, cats, horses, chickens, seagulls, and other common animals. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. "It is one of 26 new species of amphipods of the genus Epimeria from the Southern Ocean with incredible spines and vivid colors. The animal kingdom just keeps getting wilder. Instead, they look just like the ants they live with. From the deep seas to Indonesian trees, 2018's weirdest and most unsettling discoveries might surprise you. The ferocious technical name, Bathysaurus ferox, is fitting, as this fish is one of the top predators of its habitat — despite only being around 20 inches long. According to the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, the beetle is most "striking in the dramatic elongation of its head and prothorax, the body segment immediately behind the head to which the first pair of legs attach.". since. They're vegetarians. Squalus clarkae. Account active A new species of crocodile, previously thought to be part of another species, was given its own name and distinction on October 24 in the journal "Zootaxa.". Easily among the weirdest animals on this list, the colorful Sea Pen appears less like an animal and more like an ancient writing implement. This year, University of Southern California graduate student James Askew realized that Tapanuli males had calls — long and high-pitched — that sounded different than the others. Animals | February 10, 2018 10 Weird And Wonderful Animal Monuments. Interestingly, S. sugimotoi is heterotrophic, meaning that rather than relying on photosynthesis, they get their sustenance from other organisms. An array of weird and wonderful new-to-science animals, plants and microbes take the prize in this year's list of top new species. Named after "the Shark Lady" Eugenie Clark, a famous shark researcher, Genie's dogfish features cartoonishly large, bright blue eyes. 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