In the passé composé, the second negative words personne (no one), nulle part (nowhere), ni (neither/nor), and aucun (none) + noun go after the past participle, not before. ), Use aucun/aucune (absolutely no/none whatsoever) as the second negative word in a sentence to insist on the zero quantity. For example: Il ne joue avec personne. Other ways to make negative sentences in French. Unfortunately, Pierre doesn’t have a single friend. The most basic way to make a sentence negative in French is to place ne before the verb and pas after it. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. For verbs in the futur proche (near future), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is aller (to go), so you place the two negative words around it, like you do with a regular negative. To make a sentence negative in French you have to use two negative terms. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + past participle + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. Rien (nothing) and personne (nobody) can sometimes be the subject of the verb, like in English. The most common negative construction in French is ne + verb + pas, although there are also other phrases we can use. Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais ( never ), personne ( no one ), and rien ( nothing ). Laima C. 24.00 €/h. ), In a sentence with an object pronoun, like it, him, or her, the placement of ne changes like this: subject + ne + pronoun + verb + pas. You don’t come tomorrow. Unfortunately, Pierre doesn’t have any friends. Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais (never), personne (no one), and rien (nothing). How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. They generally also have two parts: When any is used in the negative sense (not any, no), it’s translated into French as either aucun or pas de (de = partitive article). Group lessons! ), If a conjugated verb begins with a vowel, ne becomes n’. Vous ne venez pas demain. For example: Ils n’ont pas de chien. Je ne marche pas – I don’t walk (I’m not walking) Il ne parle pas français – He doesn’t speak French; Nous ne voulons pas aller en Espagne – We do not want to go to Spain Most negative sentences in French are formed with the ne … pas construction. For verbs in the passé composé (present perfect), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is the auxiliary être (to be) or avoir (to have), not the past participle! Il ne dort pas. I don’t eat. (He plays with no one.). (You’re not going to take any medication.) Je ne mange pas ce soir. in addition to ne … pas, there are other negative forms in French. (You don’t play. in addition to ne … pas, there are other negative forms in French. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + aller +infinitive + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. In French, you need two negative words, ne (no) and pas (not), to make a sentence negative. Native & verified teachers; Free trial lesson; Learning materials included; Eleonora B. Let’s start with the most basic way to form a negative sentence. In that case, start the sentence with either one of those words and proceed regularly with ne in front of the conjugated verb. Free trial lesson! Here’s the formula: Rien or Personne + ne + verb. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. For example: Je ne le vois jamais. French is such a wonderful language, you have many different ways to say No. ), In a negative command, ne and pas surround the verb, regardless of the absence of subject in the sentence. Nous ne travaillons pas. I don’t see anyone in the street. When you create a negative sentence at the present tense, you can easily use the ne + verb + pas formula. For example: Rien n’est important (Nothing is important) and Personne ne fait la vaisselle (Nobody does the dishes). When the verb is inverted, pas follows the subject pronoun.. 2. For example: Je n’ai aucune idée! ne … rien (nothing, not anything) Example: Il n ’y a rien de plus beau. We don’t … French negative sentence at the future tense. Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: The two negative words are placed around (before and after) the conjugated verb, like this: Tu ne joues pas. Have a question? He doesn’t sleep. For example, Il n’a pas voyagé. Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: The two negative words are placed around (before and after) the conjugated verb, like this: Tu ne joues pas… For example: Ne fais pas ça! Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + pas + past participle. For example: Ne fume pas! For example: Tu ne vas prendre aucun médicament. (Don't smoke!) I do not dance ! (I never see him. 20.00 €/h. (You aren’t going to do anything this weekend.). Schedule a lesson. A negative sentence (une phrase négative) allows us to negate a statement, express disagreement, make contradictions or deny the occurrence of an event or action. But if you put the “ne” “pas” anywhere in the sentence, it won’t make much sense. Group lessons! Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. For example: Nous n’avons vu personne. There are two main differences between French and English negative adverbs: 1. Aucun makes the negation stronger. French negative sentence at the present tense. Other ways to make negative sentences in French, word order depends on pronouns (see the diagram on the, La phrase négative simple – structure (1), La phrase négative simple – structure (2), La phrase négative simple – structure – pronoms (1), La phrase négative simple – structure – pronoms (2), La phrase négative simple – constructions négatives (1), La phrase négative simple – constructions négatives (2). Add “ne” before the verb and “pas” after it. With Lingolia Plus you can access 6 additional exercises about Negation, as well as 588 online exercises to improve your French. In English negation, the helping verb "do" must be added to most verbs ().This is not the case in French: if there’s … Don’t let the children get used to sugar! What is a negative phrase in French ? For example: Vous n’allez rien faire ce weekend. Schedule a lesson. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. 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